Every time I tried to create a homeschool calendar for our upcoming year I ended up frustrated. I had read about various scheduling models to create a homeschool calendar, but none of them worked for us.
Finally, I had two epiphanies that allowed me to let go of the rules and think outside the box so I could create a homeschool calendar that actually worked for our life instead of trying to fit our life into a school calendar. After all, that’s one of the blessings we love about homeschooling—the flexibility it offers us.
In this post, I’ll explain how I create our homeschool calendar. You’ll learn:
- About homeschool calendar options.
- How to break your school year into terms.
- Factors to consider when determining your homeschool calendar.
- How to create your homeschool calendar.
- Tips for adjusting to a non-traditional school calendar.
At the end of each section, I’ll tell you how I blend all of the options to create a homeschool calendar that complements our life.
For a more personal look at how I create our homeschool calendar, you can listen to the podcast episode.
Homeschool Calendar Options
There is no one right way to schedule your homeschool year. Below are some ways you could schedule your year. You may find that you use a combination of methods depending on your changing needs over the years.
Traditional School Calendar
Using a traditional school calendar, homeschool days are scheduled between August and May, usually taking off a week in the fall, several weeks around the holidays, and a week in the spring.
This type of calendar works well if you also have children in a traditional school setting, participate in a co-op that follows a traditional school calendar, or participate in activities during the summer.
Sabbath School Calendar
A sabbath school calendar gets its name from the concept of a sabbath occurring every seven days. Families who employ a sabbath school calendar schedule school days for six weeks and then take a week off.
This type of homeschool school calendar works well for many families, especially if you prefer to utilize unit studies, loop scheduling, or block scheduling of your subjects. You can choose one particular focus for six weeks and then move on to a different focus after your break.
This is also a motivating method of scheduling your homeschool days for many families because you know that after working hard for six weeks, you will have a week off to rest or work on other projects.
Year-Round School Calendar
Using a year-round school calendar, homeschool days are scheduled throughout the year, taking breaks as needed.
This type of calendar works well in many situations including:
- It is unpleasant to be outside some months of the year due to your climate. (In Oklahoma, where we live, July and August are too hot to be outside much so we continued lessons during those months many years.)
- You travel during the school year.
- You prefer a more relaxed approach and take off when you need to during the year.
Some families who school year-round start a new school year in August while others start a new school year in January. Some people refer to starting a new school year in January as a “Calendar School Schedule.”
How to Break Your School Year Into Terms
A school year is generally considered 180 days of instruction. This may vary by state. Check with HSLDA for your specific state’s requirements.
It is not necessary to break your school year into terms. Some families choose to do so while others just schedule the total number of days on which they want to count as school days. Some benefits of breaking your school year into terms include:
- You can schedule exams at the end of the term to evaluate your student’s progress. Click here to learn more about using Charlotte Mason style exams.
- The end of a term provides a natural break to remind you, as the teacher, to evaluate your student’s progress and the overall atmosphere of your homeschool. Click here to learn more about how to conduct term evaluations.
- Completing a “term” of school, however you choose to define it, provides a sense of accomplishment for students and teachers. Doing something special at the end of a term, such as getting ice cream, is a great way to motivate your students and celebrate the progress they’ve made.
There many ways you could break your school year into terms. Below are some of the most common.
School Year Terms For a 5-day School Week
- 2 90-day semesters (18 weeks)
- 3 60-day trimesters (12 weeks)
- 4 45-day quarters (9 weeks)
- 6 30-day Sabbath terms (6 weeks)
School Year Terms For a 4-day School Week
- 2 90-day semesters (22 weeks each plus 1 more week)
- 3 60-day trimesters (15 weeks)
- 4 45-day quarters (11 weeks each plus 1 more week)
- 6 30-day Sabbath terms (7 weeks each plus 3 more weeks)
Factors to Consider When Determining Your Homeschool Calendar
Because every family is unique, no two homeschool schedules look exactly the same. We have had years we finished school in early April while our friends continued lessons through to July or August. When considering how to schedule your homeschool year, keep the following questions in mind.
Will you have special circumstances in the coming year that will affect your school calendar such as trips, special events, seasonal interests, hobbies, or sports?
School Week Length
The number of days each week you have lessons affects the length of your school calendar. If your school week length is 5 days, you will need 36 weeks of school. If your school week is 4 days, you will need 45 weeks of school.
Co-op or Outside Class Schedule
If you participate in a co-op, online learning, dual enrollment, or other group learning, you will need to adjust your school calendar accordingly. You may need to schedule your school year around the outside class schedule.
Definition of a School Day
Knowing your goal of education and what you consider a school day will help you determine how to schedule your homeschool calendar. (Click here to learn how to write your homeschool mission statement.)
How to Create Your Homeschool Calendar
You can replicate a traditional school calendar based on your looking at your local school district’s calendar. Basically, choose a starting and ending date, cross off days you want to take off, and schedule your 180 days of school.
To create a Sabbath school calendar, choose a starting date, and schedule six weeks of school followed by one week off. Repeat this pattern until you 36 weeks of school scheduled (assuming you are using a 5-day a week school model). You can allow for additional time off around holidays, trips, summer, or other events as desired.
Since you are still reading this post, I am assuming you don’t want to use a straight forward approach to create your homeschool calendar. If you, like me, need a little more flexibility in creating your homeschool calendar, here’s what I do.
- Decide if you want to break your school year into terms.
- Choose a starting and ending date. Your ending date doesn’t have to be set in stone, but having a rough idea of when you want to finish can help you know how much time off between the two dates you can afford.
- Cross off any dates/weeks you do not want to schedule school days.
- Indicate any dates that are special events or trips.
- Be sure to schedule breaks.
Tips for Adjusting to a Non-Traditional School Calendar
It is liberating to create a school calendar that works for your life, but it can also be a challenge. In many ways, it reduces stress and guilt. But it does require changing your mindset. Below are some tips that help me create a non-traditional homeschool calendar. Plus, I’ve included answers to questions readers have asked about this topic.
Do you include questions on your term exams for what your children learned while on a trip or field trip?
Yep! When it’s time for term exams, I ask my children questions about anything they learned during the current term. This could include academic subjects, field trips, trips, or Bible study classes at church.
What do you do when your curriculum has scheduled assignments that do not fit into your homeschool calendar?
Curriculum companies often create yearly lesson plans with 180 days. In theory, this makes sense, but in reality, no school completes 180 days of academic lesson work as scheduled by a curriculum company. I’ve heard that many teachers consider a book complete if they finish 75-80% of the book. It’s okay to let go of the guilt if you don’t finish a book! In this post, I explain several ways you could handle not finishing the book.
How do you schedule breaks without guilt?
I know that we need a break after 6-10 weeks of lessons. The length of time varies depending on how difficult the lessons are and what else is happening in our lives. And I know that we learn and function best when we have downtime. In addition, I try to under schedule our days—academic work and extracurricular activities—so we have time to rest and recharge.
It is important for me to keep in mind the goals we want to achieve in our homeschool. Our goals include that my children love to learn and that they pursue their passions. In order to achieve that, they need to have breaks and a reasonable schedule.
I have had to adjust my mindset to know that we cannot and often will not finish all of the books. We may not accomplish everything I hope to at the beginning of the year. But I see the progress they make each year and know that it is enough.